General information about bearded dragons, attitude, nutrition, terrarium & more
Annex B ( controlled trade)
This reptile species is listed in Annex B of the Washington Convention. They are not directly threatened with extinction. In order to avoid endangerment by trade, this is internationally regulated. You, therefore, need proof of origin (invoices) for your purchase in the EU.
For all reptiles, the provisions of the Animal Protection Act apply. The acquisition must be reported to the district administrative authority (Ö) or the nature conservation authority (D). It should also be noted that depending on the federal state, the keeping of potentially dangerous animals may also be prohibited.
General information about bearded dragons
There are a total of 9 species of Bearded Dragons and thus belongs to the suborder of the lizards. It is native to Australia, more specifically, in Queensland. There they prefer the black earth soils of the semi-deserts with strong sunshine. Their natural predators include birds of prey, dingoes and wild cats. She usually keeps people away from people.
In nature, bearded dragons have two to three months hibernation. In the terrarium, this is not absolutely necessary but is recommended for healthy, adult animals. If you want to breed, the hibernation should be carried out in any case.
Bearded dragons have become very popular terrarium animals. They are diurnal and often become tame. In addition, they do not place particularly high demands on their environment. All this makes them suitable for beginners.
Bearded Dragons are sand-colored. Interestingly, they are usually darker in the morning and become brighter with increased sun exposure.
Bearded Dragon Lifespan and Size
On average bearded dragon can grow to somewhere between 30 cm long to 60 cm long including the tail.
The lifespan of a bearded dragon can vary from 5 to 15 years depending on many factors such as health, diet, species, and environment, etc. If kept in good condition they can live a longer lifespan.
Bearded Dragon Diet
Bearded Dragons feed on both vegetables and insects. The vegetable part should be about 60 to 70% in adult animals. As vegetables are z. Salads such as Ruccola, endive and corn salad, broccoli, cucumber, and zucchini.
These leaves, flowers, and herbs such. Dandelion, parsley, cress, clover, rosehip and chamomile flowers, and basil. Every now and then it may also be a piece of fruit, z. Bananas, pears, and apples.
The carnal food should be covered by food insects. Cockroaches, grasshoppers, crickets, woodlice, mealworms, and crickets are often taken. Regularly the insects should be pollinated with a vitamin preparation from the terrarium retailer.
Read more on a complete diet for bearded dragons.
Terrarium size and temperature
The terrarium for one or two dwarf bearded dragons should be at least 100 x 50 x 50 cm (LBH). Of course, the more animals, the bigger the terrarium should be. A small tip: If you install a cork back wall, the animals can also climb around it, thus increasing their range of motion.
As a substrate, you can z. B. use terrarium sand.
The facility may consist of some plants, hiding places and thick branches for climbing. Plants are always a bit tricky in the desert terrarium. Actually only Tillandsias suitable. On the other hand, artificial plants are more durable and easier to care for.
As hiding places are z. As large, hollowed out stones, logs or clay pipes. In all, you should pay attention to a high level of stability, as bearded dragons also like to dig and therefore there is a certain risk of accidents for the animals.
The temperature in the terrarium should be at 25 to 30 degrees during the day, at 20 to 23 degrees at night. At local heat places, a maximum of 43 degrees may be achieved. During hibernation, it may cool down to 15 degrees.
Humidity should be between 30 and 40% during the day and may be increased up to 60% at night.
If you have a sheltered balcony or private garden, you can also set up its miniature terrarium in the summertime for an outdoor terrarium. For this purpose, z. As network terrariums that can be quickly and easily assembled and dismantled. Care must be taken to ensure that the animals are protected from drafts, wild animals and passers-by.
The best way to achieve appropriate lighting is to use a combination of an HQI spotlight, a UV lamp and one or more heat lamps.
The daylight can stay on for up to 12 hours during the summer months.
UV emitters ensure sufficient supply of UV light, which ensures the formation of vital vitamin D3. All you have to do is burn it for a few hours a day. The heat lamps can also be switched on by the hour and may heat only local places. Make sure that the total temperature of the terrarium remains constant during use of the heat lamps.
During a winter hibernation, the lighting can be shut down for up to 6 hours a day, sometimes even switched off completely.
Bearded Dragons can live well alone. In a sufficiently large terrarium but also a group attitude is possible. Here it is advisable to either keep a group of several females or a male with at least two females. Keeping a couple is not so good, as the mating will of the male is too big for a female alone.